• 人教版|九年级全一册所有重点单词、短语和句手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址型全汇总

    原标题:人教版|九年级全一册所有重点单词、短语和句型全汇总

    Unit1 How can we become good learners?

    【重点短语】

    1. have conversation with sb. 同某人谈话

    2. too…to… 太……而不及

    3. the secret to… ……的秘诀

    4. be afraid of doing sth./ be afraid to do sth. 勇敢做某事

    5. look up 查阅

    6. repeat out loud 大声跟读

    7. make mistakes in 在……方面犯舛讹

    8. connect ……with… 把……和……连接/相关首来

    9. get bored 感到厌倦

    10. be stressed out 忧忧郁担心的

    11. pay attention to 着重;关注

    12. depend on 取决于;倚赖

    13. the ability to do sth.. 做某事的能力

    【考点详解】

    1. by doing 始末……手段(by是介词,后面要跟动名词,也就是动词的ing式样)

    睁开全文

    2. talk about 谈论,议论,商议

    The students often talk about movie after class. 门生们往往在课后商议电影。

    talk to sb= talk with sb 与某人发言

    3. 挑提出的句子:

    ①What/ how about doing sth.? 做…怎么样?(about后面要用动词的ing式样,这一点考试考的比较多)

    如:What/ How about going shopping?

    ②Why don't you do sth.? 你为什么不做…?

    如:Why don't you go shopping?

    ③Why not do sth. ? 为什么不做…?

    如:Why not go shopping?

    ④Let's do sth. 让吾们做…...吧。

    如: Let's go shopping

    ⑤Shall we/I do sth.? 吾们/吾...…好吗?

    如:Shall we/I go shopping?

    4. a lot 很多,常用于句末。

    如:I eat a lot. 吾吃了很多。

    5. too…to... 太…...而不及

    常用的句型:too 形容词/副词 to do sth.

    如:I'm too tired to say anything. 吾太累了,什么都不想说。

    6. aloud, loud与loudly的用法,三个词都与“大声”或“清脆”相关。

    ①aloud是副词,清淡放在动词之后。

    ②loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk, laugh等动词连用,多用于比较级,须放在动词之后。

    如:She told us to speak a little louder. 她让吾们说大声一点。

    ③loudly是副词,与loud同义,未必两者可替换行使,可位于动词之前或之后。

    如:He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不妥多大声说乐。

    7. not…at all 一点也不,根本不

    如:I like milk very much, but I don't like coffee at all. 吾特意喜欢牛奶,但是吾一点也不喜欢咖啡。

    not频繁能够和助动词结相符在一首,at all 则放在句尾。

    8. be/get excited about sth. 对…...感到奋发

    9. ① end up doing sth 终止做某事,终结做某事

    如:The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而终结。

    ② end up with sth. 以…终结(着重介词with)

    如: The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

    10. first of all 最先(这个短语可用在作文中,使得文章有层次)

    11. also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中心

    either 也(用于否定句)常在句末

    too 也 (用于肯定句)常在句末 (它们三个的区分要清新,尤其要晓畅用在什么句子中以及各自的位置)

    12. make mistakes 犯错

    如:I often make mistakes. 吾频繁犯错。

    make a mistake 犯一个舛讹

    如:I have made a mistake. 吾已经犯了一个舛讹。

    13. laugh at sb. 乐话;奚落(某人)(常见短语)

    如:Don't laugh at me! 不要奚落吾!

    14. take notes 做笔记,做记录

    15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…,乐意做…(这是一个特意主要的考点)

    如:She enjoys playing football. 她喜欢踢足球。

    enjoy oneself 过得喜悦

    如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得喜悦。

    16. native speaker 说本族语的人

    17. make up 构成、构成

    18. one of (the 形容词最高级) 名词复数式样 : …其中之一(这一题主要考两点,一是最高级,一是名词复数,行家做题的时候要郑重)

    如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受迎接的教师之一。

    19. It's 形容词 (for sb. ) to do sth (对于某人来说)做某事…

    如:It's difficult (for me ) to study English. 对于吾来说学习英语太难了。

    句中的it 是式样主语,真实的主语是to study English。

    20. practice doing 演习做某事 (practice后面接动名词,这一点有能够考到)

    如:She often practice speaking English. 她频繁演习说英语。

    21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事(主要考点,行家必要记住decide后面跟的是不定式,也就是to do)

    如:LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定往北京。

    22. unless 倘若不,除非,引导条件状语从句

    如:You will fail unless you work hard. 倘若你不竭力你就会战败。

    23. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.

    24. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事

    如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。

    25. be angry with sb. 对某人不满

    26. perhaps = maybe 能够

    27. go by (时间) 以前 . 如:Two years went by. 两年以前了。

    28. see sb / sth doing 看见某人正在做某事(倘若是看到正在做什么,要用动词ing式样,考的较多的也是动词ing式样)

    如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom. 她看见他正在教室里画画。

    29. each other 彼此

    30. regard… as … ;把…...看行为...…

    如:The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

    31. too many 很多,修饰可数名词 如:too many girls

    too much 很多,修饰弗成数名词 如:too much milk(要区分too many 和 too much只要记住它们修饰什么词就能够了)

    much too 太,修饰形容词 如:much too beautiful(too much和much too意思分别,行家不要杂沓它们的意思,这栽单词容易出解析题)

    32.change…into… 将…变为…

    33. with the help of sb. = with one's help 在某人的协助下(着重介词of和with,容易出题)

    如:with the help of LiLei = with LiLei's help 在李雷的协助下

    34. compare…to… 把…比作...(另外,行家要着重另一个短语,compare...with...,这也是一个主要的短语,意思是:拿…和…比较)

    35. instead 代替 用在句末,副词

    instead of sth/doing sth 代替,而不是 (这个地方考的较多的就是instead of doing sth,也是就说倘若of后面跟动词,要用动名词式样,也就是动词的ing式样)

    如:I will go instead of you. 吾将代替你往。

    Unit2 I think that moon cakes are delicious!

    【短语归纳】

    1. the Lantern Festival 元宵节

    2. the Dragon Boat Festival 端午节

    3. the Water Festival 泼水节

    4. be fun to watch 看着很有意思

    5. eat five meals a day 镇日吃五餐

    6. put on five pounds 体重增补了五磅

    7. in two weeks 两星期之后

    8. be similar to... 与.......相通

    17. end up最后成为;末了处于

    18. share sth. with sb. 与……分享……

    19. as a result 效果

    20. dress up 乔装打扮

    21. haunted house 鬼屋

    22. call out 大声呼喊

    23. remind sb. of 使某人想首

    24. sound like 听首来像

    25. treat sb. with. 用/以……对待某人

    26. the beginning of new life 重生命的最先

    【考点详解】

    1. What a(n) 形容词 可数名词的单数式样 主语 谓语 其他)! 多么……的……!

    2. How 形容词/副词( 主语 谓语 其他)! ……多么……!

    3. be going to 将要/打算……

    4. in 时间段 在……后

    5. give sb. sth.=give sth. to sb. 给某人某物;把某物给某人

    6. plan to do sth. 计划做某事

    7. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

    8. one of 名词复数式样 ……之一

    【重点语法】

    一. 宾语从句

    宾语从句在复相符句中作主句的宾语。三大考点:引导词、时态和语序。其中,语序必须是陈述句语序。

    1. 常由下面的一些词引导:

    ①由that 引导,外示陈述意义,that可省略

    He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

    ②由if , whether引导,外示清淡疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等)

    I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish. 吾不晓畅韦华是否喜欢鱼。

    ③由连接代词、连接副词(疑问词) 引导,外示稀奇疑问意义

    Do you know what he wants to buy? 你晓畅他想要买什么吗?

    2. 从句时态要与主句相反

    当主句是清淡现在时,从句按照情况行使任何时态

    当主句是清淡曩以前,从句答行使以前某时态(清淡曩以前,以前进走时,以前异日时,以前完善时)

    He said (that) he was at home. 他说他在家里。

    I didn’t know that she was singing now. 吾不晓畅她正在唱歌。

    She wanted to know if I had finished m homework. 她想要晓畅吾是否已经完善了吾的作业。

    Did you know when he would be back? 你晓畅他将会什么时候回来?

    二. 感叹句

    感叹句是外达喜、怒、悲、乐以及惊奇、惊讶等剧烈情感的句子。

    感叹句清淡由 what 或 how 引导。现分述如下:

    1. 由 what 引导的感叹句,其句子组织可分为以下三栽:

    ①可用句型:“ What a/an +形容词+可数名词单数+主语+谓语 其他!”。如:

    What a nice present it is! 它是一件多么好的礼物啊!

    ②可用句型:“ What +形容词+可数名词复数+主语+谓语 其他!”。如:

    What beautiful flowers they are! 多么时兴的花啊!

    ③可用句型:“ What +形容词+弗成数名词+主语+谓语 其他!”。如:

    What fine weather it is today! 今天天气多好啊!

    2. 由 how 引导的感叹句,其句子组织也分为三栽:

    ①可用句型:“ How +形容词 / 副词+主语+谓语 其他!”。如:

    How careful she is! 她多么详细啊!

    How fast he runs! 他跑得多快啊!

    ②可用句型:“ How +形容词+ a/an +可数名词单数+主语+谓语!”。如:

    How beautiful a girl she is! 她是个多么时兴的姑娘啊!

    ③可用句型:“ How+主语+谓语!”。如:

    How time flies! 光阴似箭!

    3. 由 what 引导的感叹句与由 how 引导的感叹句未必能够转换,但句中片面单词的挨次要有所转折。如:

    How beautiful a girl she is! = What a beautiful girl she is!

    What delicious cakes these are! = How delicious these cakes are!

    Unit3 Could you please tell me

    where the restrooms are?

    【主要短语】

    1. used to do sth. 以前往往做某事

    2. be afraid of 勇敢

    3. from time to time 往往;未必

    4. turn red 变红

    5. take up 最先做,从事,占有(时间、空间)

    6. deal with 对付;搪塞

    7. not…any more 不再

    8. tons of attention 很多关注

    9. worry about 担心

    10. be careful 当心

    11. hang out 闲逛

    12. give up 屏舍

    13. thank about 考虑

    14. a very small number of… 极幼批的……

    15. be alone 独处

    16. give a speech 做演讲

    【考点详解】

    1. ①问路常用的句子:

    Do you know where is … ?

    Can you tell me how can I get to …?

    Could you tell me how to get to …?

    ②Can/Could/Will/Would you please tell me sth. 外示相等客气地咨询事情

    ③Could you tell me how to get to the park? 请你通知吾怎么才能往邮局好吗?

    上面句子中的how to get to the park是疑问词与动词不定式连用,用作宾语,但不是宾语从句(这一点要搞清新,它不是宾语从句),相等于how I can get to the park(宾语从句)

    I don't know how to solve the problem=I don't know how I can solve the problem. 吾不晓畅如何解决这个题目

    Can you tell me when to leave? =Can you tell me when I will leave? 你能通知吾什么时候脱离?

    2. 日常外交用语:

    take the elevator / escalator to the … floor 乘电梯/主动扶梯到…楼

    turn left / right == take a left / right 向左/ 右转

    go straight 向前直走(straight这个词频繁考)

    3. next to 左右、紧接着(常见短语)

    Lily is next to Ann. 莉莉就在安的左右。

    4. between…and… 在…和…之间

    Lily is between Ann and Tom. 莉莉就在稳定汤姆的之间。

    5. Is that a good place to hang out? 那是不是一个闲荡的好地方?

    上面句子中的to hang out修饰前线的名词place,是不定式作定语。

    6. expensive 贵的 逆义词:inexpensive 不贵的

    7. crowded 拥挤的 逆义词:uncrowded 不拥挤的

    8. take a vacation == go on a vacation 往度伪

    9. dress up 打扮 dress up as 打扮成

    He wanted to dress up as Father Christmas. 他想要打扮成圣诞老人。

    10. on the beach 在海滩上,介词用 on

    11. depend on 按照、倚赖、倚赖、取决于

    Living things depend on the sunlight. 生物对阳光有倚赖性。

    That depends on how you did it. 那取决于你怎样做这件事。

    12. prefer 动词,更喜欢、情愿,常用的组织有:

    prefer sth. 更喜欢某事

    I prefer English. 吾更喜欢英语。

    prefer doing/to do 情愿做某事

    I prefer sitting/ to sit.吾情愿坐着。

    prefer sth to sth. 同…相比更喜欢…

    I prefer dogs to cats. 与猫相比吾更喜欢狗。

    prefer doing sth to doing sth 情愿做某事而不愿做某事

    I prefer walking to sitting. 吾情愿走路也不愿坐着。

    prefer to do sth rather than do sth 情愿做某事而不愿做某事

    I prefer to work rather than be free. 吾情愿做事而不愿闲着。

    (吾再次强调一下,prefer的用法真的很主要,这不是开玩乐~)

    13. on the other hand 另一方面(一方面:on one hand. 对于如许的短语行家十足能够放在作文中,如许能够使文章添色不少)

    14. 把…借给某人:lend sb. sth. = lend sth to sb.(逆义词:borrow..from..)

    Lily lent me her book = Lily lent her book to me . 莉莉把她的书借给了吾。

    15. I'm sorry to do sth. 对做某事吾觉得很抱歉、难受。

    16. in a way 在某栽水平说

    17. in order to do srh 为了…手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址, 外主意。

    He got up early in order to catch the first bus. 他首早床手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,是为了赶上头班公共汽车。

    18. 同级比较:as…as...

    as 形容词/副词原级 as , 外示“和…相通的…”

    He works as hard as we. 他做事和吾们同样竭力。

    【重点语法】宾语从句(见Unit2重点语法片面)

    Unit4 I used to be afraid of the dark.

    【重点短语】

    1. be more interested in 对…更感兴趣

    2. on the swim team 游泳队的队员

    3. be terrified of 勇敢

    4. gym class 体操课

    5. worry about 担心

    6. all the time 不息手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,总是

    7. chat with 与…座谈

    8. hardly ever 几乎从不

    9. walk to school = go to school on foot 步碾儿往上学

    take the bus to school = go to school by bus 乘车往上学

    10. as well as 不光…而且...

    【考点详解】

    1. used to do sth. 以前往往做某事 (这个知识点考的很多手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,行家要着重这个短语的意思手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,还要记着used后面用的是不定式to do)

    如:He used to play football after school.

    放学后他以前往往踢足球。

    2. play the piano 弹钢琴(play后面倘若跟泰西乐器手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,行家记住手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,中心要添the手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,倘若是中国乐器手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,不添the手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,如:play erhu)

    3. ①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣

    ②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣(对于这两个用法行家必定要掌握手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,牢记牢记)

    如:He is interested in math, but he isn't interested in speaking English. 他对数学感兴趣手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。

    4. interested adj. 感兴趣的手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,指人对某事物感兴趣手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,往往主语是人

    interesting adj.兴趣的手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址,指某事物/某人具有兴趣,主语往往是物(对于interested和interesting要区分清新,一个主语往往是人,一个主语往往是物)

    5. be terrified of sth. 勇敢…… 如:I am terrified of the dog.

    be terrified of doing sth. 勇敢做…… 如:I am terrified of speaking.

    6. spend 动词,外示“消耗金钱、时间”(spend和pay for它们的主语都是人,这一点行家要清新)

    ①spend…on sth. 在某事上消耗(金钱、时间)(主要考点)

    ②spend…(in)doing sth. 消耗(金钱、时间)往做某事 (主要考点,尤其要着重动名词,也就是动词的ing式样)

    如:He spends too much time on clothes. 他消耗太多的时间在衣着上。

    He spend 3 months (in) building the bridge. 他消耗了三个月往建这座桥。

    7. take : 动词 ,有“消耗时间”的意思,常用的组织有:

    It takes sb to do sth. 做某事消耗某人多长时间(在这个用法中,主语频繁是it,这一点要清新,行家详细看一下下面的例子)。

    如:It takes me a day to read the book.

    8. chat with sb. 与某人座谈

    如:I like to chat with him. 吾喜欢和他座谈。

    9. worry about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 , worry 是动词

    be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 , worried 是形容词

    如:Don't worry about him. 不必担心他。

    Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。

    10. all the time 不息,首终

    11. take sb. to 地方 送/带某人往某个地方

    如:A person took him to the hospital. 一幼我把他送到了医院。

    12. hardly adv. 几乎不、异国。 hardly 修饰动词时,清淡放在助动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前,

    如:I can hardly understand them. 吾几乎不能够晓畅他们。

    I hardly have time to do it. 吾几乎没未必间往做了。

    13. in the last few years. 在以前的几年内,常与完善时连用 如:

    I have lived in China in the last few years. 在以前的几年内吾在中国住。

    14. be different from 与...…分别(常见考点,考的最多的是它的意思,行家只必要记住它的意思,做题的时候详细题目再详细分析即可)

    15. 不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式能够和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,构成不定式短语。

    如:The question is when to start. 题目是什么时候最先。

    I don't know where to go. 吾不晓畅往哪。

    16. make sb./sth. 形容词 make you happy

    make sb./sth. 动词实情 make him laugh

    17. move to 地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.

    18. it seems that 从句 看首来相通…… (主要考点)

    如:It seems that he has changed a lot. 看首来他相通变了很多。

    19. help sb. with sth. 在某方面协助某人(着重介词with,在某方面协助要用这个介词)

    help sb(to)do sth. 帮某人做某事(to频繁省略)

    She helped me with English. 她协助吾学英语。

    She helped me(to)study English. 她协助吾学习英语。

    20. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 ,15岁的(有一点要挑醒行家,中心的year用的是单数)如:a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩

    fifteen years old 指年龄,15岁。

    21. can't afford to do sth. 支付不首……

    can't afford sth. 支付不首…

    如:I can't afford to buy the car.=I can't afford the car. 吾买不首这个辆幼车。

    22. as 形容词/副词 as sb could/can 尽某人所能

    如:Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力往跑。

    23. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦

    24. in the end 末了

    25. make a decision :下决定,下信念

    26. to one's surprise :令某人惊讶(往往出现在完型中,让吾们填surprise)

    如:to their surprise 令他们惊讶

    to LiLei's surprise 令李雷惊讶

    27. take pride in sth. 以…而自夸

    如:His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是以他而自夸

    28. pay attention to sth. 对…着重,着重

    如:You must pay attention to your friend. 你答该多着重你的好友。

    29. be able to do sth. 能够,有能力做某事

    如:She is able to do it. 她能够做到。

    30. give up doing sth. 屏舍做某事(着重up后面用的是动词的ing式样)

    如:My father has given up smoking. 吾爸爸已经屏舍吸烟了。

    31. 不再 ①no more =no longer

    如:I play tennis no more.吾不再打网球。

    ②not …any more = not …any longer 如:

    I don't play tennis any longer. 吾不再打网球。

    【重点语法】

    逆意疑问句

    逆义疑问句按照如许一个原则,前肯定后否定,前否定后肯定。

    1. 肯定陈述句 否定挑问 如:Lily is a student, isn't she?

    2. 否定陈述句 肯定挑问 如:She doesn't come from China, does she?

    3. 挑问片面用代词而不必名词 如:Lily is a student, isn't she?

    4. 陈述句中含有否定意义的词 如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等,其逆意疑问句用肯定式(对于第四点行家不要无视,尤其是列举的这几个词,出题的时候频繁遇到,对于下面的两个例子行家要详细看一下,要把这个知识点彻底搞懂)。

    如:He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,不是吗?

    They hardly understood it, did they? 他们几乎不晓畅,不是吗?

    5. 逆意疑问句的陈述片面含有由un-, im-, in-, dis-, 等否定意义的前缀构成的词语时,陈述片面要视为肯定含义,问句片面用否定式样。如:Your father is unhappy, isn't he?

    The man is dishonest, isn't he?

    It is impossible to learn English without remembering more words, isn't it?

    Unit5 What are the shirts made of?

    【重点短语】

    1. be made of 由……制造

    2. be made in 在……制造

    3. environmental protection 环境珍惜

    4. be famous for 以……而知名

    5. be produced in 在……生产

    6. be known for 以……着名

    7. as far as I know 据吾所知

    8. pick by hand 手工采摘

    9. send for 发送

    10. avoid doing sth 避免做某事

    11. everyday things 日用品

    【考点详解】

    1. made of 由……制(构)成,后接构成某物质的质料。

    例:This skirt is made of silk.这件裙子是用丝绸制成的。

    be made of/from/up of的区别

    (1)be made of 外示制成制品后,仍可看出原材料是什么,保留原材料的质和形状,制作过程仅发生物理转折。

    例:The kite is made of paper.风筝是用纸做的。

    (2)be made from 外示制成的东西十足失踪了原材料的外形或特征,或原材料在制作过程中发生化学转折,在制品中已无法辨认。

    例:The paper is made from wood.纸是木头做的。

    Butter is made from milk. 黄油是从牛奶中挑炼出来的。

    (3)be made up of 用……构成或构成的,指人、物皆可,指组织成分。

    例:Our class is made up of six groups. 吾们班是由六个幼组构成的。

    2. It seems that many people all over the world drink Chinese tea.

    相通全世界的很多人都在喝中国茶。

    句型“It seems that…”意为“看首来相通/好像……”,其中seem是连系动词,意为“好像;相通”,句型中的it是式样主语,不及用其他代词来替代。

    例:It seems that he was late for the train. 看来他没赶上火车。

    seem的几栽常见组织:

    (1)seem to do sth此句型可与“It seems that…”转换。

    例:They seem to find the way to the cinema. =It seems that they find the way to the cinema.

    他们好像找到了往电影院的路了。

    (2)seem 形容词

    例:My temperature seems (to be) all right. 吾的体温看上往平常了。

    (3)seem 名词

    例: That seems not a bad idea. 看上往主意不错。

    3. When the leaves are ready, they are picked by hand and then are sent for processing in factory.

    当茶叶成熟时,就被用手工采摘然后送到工厂添工。

    此句是由when 引导的时间状语从句,are picked, are sent都是清淡现在时的被动组织。

    例:When the fruit are ready, they are picked and are sent to the market for sale.

    当这些水果成熟后就被摘下来并送到市场上卖失踪。

    4. No matter what you may buy, you might think those products were made in those countries.

    不论你买什么,你都能够认为那些产品是在那些国家生产的。

    此句为由"no matter 稀奇疑问词"引导让步状语从句。意为“不论….”,相等于whatever。

    例:No matter what I said to her, she still didn’t believe me.

    不论吾对她说什么,她照样不自夸吾。

    5. find out, 查出,找到。

    例:The police are trying to find out where the boy got off the train.

    警察正在查找这个男孩是从哪下的火车。

    find,find out和look for都含有“追求、找到”的意思,但其含义和用法却分别。

    ① find意为“找到、发现”,清淡指找到或发现详细的东西,强调的是找的效果。

    Will you find mea pen? 你替吾找支钢笔好吗?

    ② look for意为“追求”,是有主意地找,强调“追求”这一行为。

    例:I’m looking for my pen everywhere. 吾正到处找吾的钢笔。

    He is looking for his shoes. 他在找他的鞋子。

    ③ find out意为“找出、发现、查明”,多指始末调查、寻问、打听、钻研之后“搞清新、弄晓畅”,清淡含有“经过难得波折”的含义,指找出较难找到的、无形的、抽象的东西。

    例:Please find out when the train leaves. 请查一下火车什么时候离站。

    Read this passage,and find out the answer to this question.

    【重点语法】

    清淡现在时的被动语态

    一. 概念理解

    1. 时态:在英语语言中,时态主要商议走为动词发生的时间。

    如:He often helps me with my English. 他频繁协助吾学英语。(help这个行为频繁发生often;故用清淡现在时)

    2. 语态:在英语语言中,语态主要商议句子主语与走为动词的相关。语态有两栽:主动语态和被动语态。

    ① 主语是行为的发出者(实走者)为主动语态。

    如: The tall boy often hits his classmates (主语boy是谓语动词hit的发出者)。

    ② 主语是行为的批准者(承受者)为被动语态。汉语中常用“被”、“给”、“由”、“受”等词用来外示被动,而英语用:助动词be 及物动词的以前分词构成

    如: Chinese is spoken by the most people in the world(主语Chinese是谓语动词speak的承受者)。

    3. 语态与时态的相关:在任何一个英语句子中都同时存在语态和时态,他们是分析一个英语句子的两个主要元素。

    如:① He is looking after his sister at home. (此句为现在进走时的主动语态组织)

    ② He is being looked after well by his parents. (此句为现在进走时的被动语态组织)

    二. 被动语态最基本的句型组织: be 及物动词以前分词

    表明:① be 未必态,人称和数的转折。

    ② 被动语态中的谓语动词必须是及物动词;由于被动句中的主语是行为的承受者,某些短语动词如look after, think of, take care of, work out, laugh at等,也可用于被动语态。

    三. 被动语态的行使

    1. 当不晓畅或异国必要指出行为的实走者时,常用被动语态,这时往往不必by 短语。

    Mr. White, the cup with mixture was broken after class. (只是通知先生杯子坏了,不知是谁弄坏的,或不想说出谁弄坏的)。

    2. 特出或强调行为的承受者,倘若必要说出行为的实走者,用by 短语。

    如:The cup was broken by Paul.

    四. 主动语态变被动语态的变法: 主动语态与被动语态之间如何转换

    1. 把主动语态的宾语变成被动语态的主语。

    2. 把主动语态的谓语变成被动语态的be 以前分词,时态要与原句保持相反。

    3. 把主动语态的主语变为介词by的宾语,放在被动语态里谓语动词之后,by 短语能够省略。倘若原句主语是地点名词,在被动语态中用in 地点名词作状语。

    五. 清淡现在时的被动语态:am /is/ are done

    如:Tea is grown in Hangzhou. 杭州种植茶叶。

    Unit6 When was it invented?

    【重点短语】

    1. by accident 未必地;不测埠

    2. without doubt 毫无疑问的;实在

    3. by mistake 舛讹地

    4. look up to 钦佩;羡慕

    5. take place 发生;展现

    6. all of a sudden 骤然;猛地

    7. divide…into… 把……分成......

    8. the Olympics 奥林匹克行动会

    9. the style of ……的样式

    10. be used for 被用于……

    【考点详解】

    1. invent v. 发明

    inventor n. 发明家

    invention n. 发明

    2. be used for doing 用来做…(是被动语态)(这个短语的考点有两点,一是used for的意思,二是for后面用动名词)

    Pens are used for writing. 笔是用来写的。

    3. 给某人某样东西 give sth. to sb.

    I gave a pen to him. 吾给他一支笔。

    give sb. sth.

    I gave him a pen. 吾给他一支笔。

    4. all day 镇日

    5. salty adj. 咸的 salt n. 盐

    6. by mistake 舛讹地(犯错:make mistake,这些常见的短语行家务必要掌握)

    I took the umbrella by mistake. 吾不郑重拿错了雨伞。

    8. by accident 不测,未必(常见短语,考的最多的是它的意思)

    I met her by accident at bus stop. 吾在公共汽车站不测埠见到了她。

    9. not…until… 直到…才…(重中之重,这个用法特意主要!)

    I didn't go to bed until I finished my work. 吾直到完善吾的做事才往睡觉。

    10. according to 名词,按照…

    according to this article 按照这篇文章

    11. over an open fire 野饮

    12. leaf n. 叶子 复数式样 leaves

    13. nearby adj. 附近的

    14. fall into 落入,失踪进

    The leaf fell into the river. 叶子落入了河里。

    fall down 跌倒

    She fell down from her bike. 她从她自走车跌倒了。

    15. quite 特意 adv. 与冠词a连用时,冠词a必须放在它的后面

    quite a beautiful girl 一个时兴的女孩

    17. pleased adj. 外示外部因素引首人发自心里的安慰和喜悦

    pleasant adj. 喜悦,起劲。指天气、时间、旅走令人起劲喜悦

    please v. 使起劲

    18. battery-operated adj. 电池限制的,是名词 动词的行动分词构成的相符成形容词

    19. in the sixth century 在第6世纪

    20. travel around 周游

    21. more than == over 超过(相比较,more than更主要)

    more than 300 == over 300 超过300

    22. including 包括,能够与名词和动名词连用

    Six people, including a baby, were hurt. 6幼我包括一个幼孩受伤了。

    23. have been played 被上演 ,是现在完善时的被动语态,现在完善时的被动语态的组织:have/has been 以前分词。

    4. be born 出生 (常见短语)

    He was born in Canada. 他在添拿大出生。

    25. safety n. 坦然 safe adj. 坦然的

    26. knock into 撞上(某人)

    27. divide sth. into…,将…划分成...,清淡指将一个集体分成几个对答相对的片面

    Let's divide ourselves into 4 groups. 让吾们把吾们本身划成4组。

    28. since then 从那以后,常与完善时态连用

    【重点语法】

    清淡曩以前的被动语态

    1. 被动语态外示句子的主语是谓语动词所外示的行为承受者。

    2. 被动语态基本组织:be 及物动词的以前分词

    被动语态中的be 是助动词,有人称、数和时态的转折。

    清淡现在时的被动语态为:am/is/are 以前分词

    清淡曩以前的被动语态为:was/were 以前分词

    A lot of trees were planted here last year.

    与情态动词连用的被动语态:情态动词 be 以前分词(关于被动语态,行家必定要熟识,这个在中考的时候属于是必考内容,而且是重点内容)

    关于被动语态更多内容,详见Unit5重点语法片面。

    Unit7 Teenagers should be allowed

    to choose their own clothes.

    【重点短语】

    1. be allowed to do sth. 被批准做某事

    allow sb. to do sth. 批准某人做某事

    allow doing sth. 批准做某事

    2. sixteen-year-olds = sixteen-year-old boys and girls 16岁的孩子

    3. part-time jobs 兼职做事

    4. a driver’s license 驾照

    5. on weekends 在周末

    6. at that age 在谁人年龄段

    7. on school nights 在上学期间的夜晚

    8. stay up 熬夜

    9. clean up 清扫

    10. fail(in)a test 考试不敷格

    11. take the test 参添考试

    12. the other day 前几天

    13. all my classmates 吾所有的同学

    14. concentrate on 现在不转睛于

    15. be good for 对…...有好

    16. in groups 成群的,按组

    17. get noisy 变得嘈杂(系外组织)

    18. learn from 向......学习

    19. at present 现在,现在

    20. have an opportunity to do sth. 有做……的机会

    【重点句型】

    1. I don’t think twelve-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced. 吾认为不该该批准12岁的孩子穿耳孔。

    2. They talk instead of doing homework. 他们座谈而不是造作业。

    3. He is allowed to stay up until 11:00 pm. 批准他们熬到夜晚11点。

    4. We should be allowed to take time to do things like that more often. 吾们答该被批准更添频繁的花些时间多做这类事情。

    5. What school rules do you think should be changed? 你认为私塾的哪些制度答该改一改了?

    6. The two pairs of jeans both look good on me. 这两条牛仔裤穿在吾身上都正当。

    7. The classroom is a real mess. 教室太脏了。

    8. Should I be allowed to make my own decisions? 吾答该被批准本身做决定吗?

    9. Only then will I have a chance of achieving my dream. 只有如许吾才能实现吾的梦想。

    10. They should be allowed to practice their hobbies as much a s they want. 答该批准他们对业余喜欢好想练多长时间就练多长时间。

    11. We have nothing against running. 吾们异国理由指斥他跑步。

    【考点详解】

    1. enough adv. 有余地 adj. 有余的

    形容词 enough 如:beautiful enough 有余时兴

    enough 名词 如:enough food 有余食物

    2. stop doing sth. 停留正在做的事

    Please stop speaking. 请停留发言。

    stop to do sth. 停留一件事往做另一件事

    Please stop to speak. 请停下来发言。

    3. it seems that从句 看首来相通……

    It seems that he feels very sad. 他看首来相通很难受。

    4. yet 照样,还 (常用在否定句或疑问句当中)

    5. stay up 熬夜

    如:I often stay up until 12:00pm. 吾频繁熬夜到12点。

    6. 水平副词:always总是 usually频繁 sometimes未必 never 从不

    7. go shopping(往购物), go fishing(往钓鱼), go swimming(往游泳), go boating(往划船), go hiking(往远足)

    8. be strict with sb. 对某人厉厉

    如:Mother is strict with her son. 妈妈对她的儿子很厉厉。

    9. the other day 前几天

    10. agree 批准 逆义词:disagree分别意 动词

    agreement 批准 逆义词:disagreement 分别意 名词

    11. keep sb/ sth 形容词 使某人/某物保持……

    如:We should keep our city clean. 吾们答该保持吾们的城市清洁。

    12. both…and… 动词复数式样(both and本身也是一个特意主要的考点)

    如:Both Jim and Li Ming play bastketball.

    13. learn(sth.)from sb 向谁学习(什么)

    如:Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英语先生学习英语。

    14. at least 最少 at most 最多

    15. 消耗: take ,cost, spend , pay

    sth. take(sb.) time to do sth. 如:It took (me) 10 days to read the book.

    sth. cost(sb.)… 如:The book cost(me)100 yuan.

    sb. spend … on sth. 如:She spent 10 days on this book.

    sb. spend …(in)doing sth. 如:She spent 10 days(in)reading this book.

    sb. pay … for sth. 如:She paid 10 yuan for this book.

    (行家着重这几个词的区分,take它的主语往往是it,spend和pay的主语是人,cost的主语是物,吾们只要晓畅了这几点,做题就比较容易了)

    16. have 时间段 off 放伪,修整 如:have 2 days off

    17. get in the way of 碍事,窒碍

    18. think about与think of的区别

    ① 当两者译为:认为、想首、记着时,两者可互用

    I often think about/of that day. 吾频繁想首那天。

    ② think about 还有“考虑”之意,think of做为想到、想出时两者不及互用

    At last, he thought of a good idea. 末了他想出了一个好主意。

    We are thinking about going Qinzhou. 吾们正在考虑往钦州。

    19. care about sb. 关心某人

    如:Mother often care about her son.

    20. also:也,用于句中 I am also a student. 吾也是一个门生

    either:也,用于否定句且用于句末 I am not a student, either. 吾也不是一个门生。

    too:也,用于肯定句且用于句末 I am a student, too. 吾也是一个门生。

    (要记住它们别离用在什么句子中,以及用在什么位置)

    【重点语法】

    语态

    1. 两栽语态:主动语态和被动语态

    主动语态外示主语是行为的实走者;被动语态外示主语是行为的承受者。

    Cats eat fish.(主动语态)猫吃鱼。

    Fish is eaten by cats.(被动语态)鱼被猫吃。

    2. 被动语态的构成

    由“助动词be 及物动词的以前分词”构成

    助动词be 有人称、数和时态的转折。

    倒装句

    由so 助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词 主语,意为:…也是相通。

    She is a student. So am I. 她是一个门生,吾也是。

    She will go to school. So will he. 她将往私塾,他也是。

    Unit8 It must belong to Carla.

    【重点短语】

    1. be long to 属于

    2. listen to classical music 听古典音乐

    3. at school 上学;肄业

    4. go to the concert 往听音乐会

    5. have any/some idea 晓畅

    6. a math test on algebra 相关代数的数学考试

    7. the final exam 期末考试

    8. because of 由于

    9. a present for his mother 送给她妈妈的礼物

    10. run for exercise 跑步锻炼

    【重点句型】

    1. If you have any idea where might be please call me. 倘若你晓畅它能够在哪,请打电话给吾。

    2. It’s crucial that I study for it because it counts 30% to the final exam. 关键是吾必须学,由于它占期末考试的30%。

    3. What do you think “anxious“ means? 你认为“anxious”是什么意思?

    4. He could be running for exercise. 他能够是正在跑步锻炼身体。

    5. He might be running to catch a bus. 他能够是正在跑着赶公共汽车。

    6. Why do you think the man is running? 你觉得谁人男的为什么跑?

    【考点详解】

    1. 情态动词must, may , might, could, may , can't外示推想含义,后面都接动词实情,都能够外示对现在情况的推想和揣摸,但他们含义有所分别。

    must 必定,肯定 (100%的能够性)

    may, might, could 有能够,手机棋牌游戏平台365体育网址能够 (20%-80%的能够性)

    can't 不能够,不会 (能够性几乎为零)

    2. whose:谁的,是个疑问词,作定语,后面接名词

    如:---Whose book is this? ---This is Lily's.

    4. 当play 指弹奏泰西乐器时,常在乐器前用定冠词the

    play the guitar;play the piano;play the violin

    当play 指进走球类行动时,则不必定冠词

    play football;play basketball;play baseball

    5. if引导的条件状语从句,主句用清淡异日时,从句用清淡现在时代替异日时。

    If you don't hurry up, you'll be late. 倘若你伤感点,你将会迟到。

    6. if you have any idea= if you know 倘若你晓畅

    7. on 关于(学术,科现在)

    9. because of:由于

    because:由于,它们的用法是:

    because of 名词/代词/名词性短语(这是一个主要的短语)

    because 从句

    I do it because I like it. 吾做这件事是由于吾喜欢。

    I had to move because of my job. 由于做事的因为吾得搬家。

    10. own v. - owner n.

    listen v. - listener n.

    learn v. - learner n.

    11. catch a bus 赶公车

    12. neighbor 邻居,指人

    neighborhood 邻居,指地区也可指附近地区的人

    13. local 当地的 如:local teacher 当地的教师

    16. anything strange 一些清新的东西

    当形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,放在这些词的后面(主要,牢记)

    17. there be sb./sth. doing 有…...正在......

    There is a cat eating fish.

    18. escape from… 从那里逃跑出来(常考短语)

    He escaped from the burning building. 他从燃烧的修建中逃出来。

    19. an ocean of 名词 极多的,用不尽的 如:an ocean of energy.

    20. unhappy 难受的 逆义词:happy 起劲的

    22. dishonest 不真挚的 逆义词:honest 真挚的

    23. get on 上车 get off 下车(掌握住这两个短语的意思)

    24. use up 用光,用完

    They have used up all the money. 他们已经用完了所有的钱。

    25. attempt to do 试图做某事(主要考点,行家记着attempt后面用的是不定式to do)

    The boys attempted to leave for Beijing. 男孩子们试图想往北京。

    26. wake 是个动词,意思是唤醒,常用的词组:wake up 意为醒来

    Please wake me up at 8 o'clock. 请在8点钟叫醒吾。

    27. look for 追求,强调找的行为(主要)

    find 找到,强调找的效果

    I am looking for a pen. 吾正在找一支笔。(指找的行为)

    I found my pen just now. 吾刚刚找到了吾的笔。(指找的效果)

    28. hear 听,强调听的效果

    listen 听,强调听的行为

    Did you hear? 你听到了吗?(指听的效果)

    I often listen to the music. 吾频繁听音乐。(指听的行为)

    29. try one's best to do sth. 尽某人的最大竭力往做某事(着重best后面跟的不定式to do是考试的重点)

    He tried his best to run. 他尽他的最大竭力往跑。

    【重点语法】现在完善时态(点击左方蓝色链接即可查看详细内容)

    Unit9 I like music that I can dance to.

    【重点短语】

    1. expect to do sth. 憧憬做某事

    expect sb. to do sth 憧憬某人做某事

    2. catch up with 追上,赶上

    3. different kinds of music 各栽分别的音乐

    4. quiet and gentle songs 软软的歌弯

    5. take…to… 带……到……

    6. remind…of… 使某人想首或认识到……

    7. her own songs 她本身的歌弯

    8. be important to 对……主要

    9. Yellow River 黄河

    10. Hong Tao’s latest movie 洪涛近来的电影

    11. over the years 多年来

    12. be sure to do sth. 务必/必定做某事

    13. one of the best known Chinese photographers 世界上最有名的中国摄影家之一

    14. on display 展览,展出

    15. come and go 来来往往

    16. can’t stand 不及忍受

    【重点句型】

    1. I love singers who write their own music. 吾喜欢本身创作弯子的歌手。

    2. We prefer music that has great lyrics. 吾们更喜欢歌词很棒的音乐。

    3. What do you dislike about this CD. 你不喜欢这张CD的什么?

    4. What does it remind you of? 它使你想首了什么?

    5. The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music. 这首弯子使吾想首了巴西舞弯。

    6. It does have a few good features, though. 然而,它实在也有一些好的方面。

    7. She really has something for everyone. 每幼我实在都能从她的作品中领悟到一些东西。

    8. Whatever you do, don’t miss this exhibition. 不论怎样,你都不及错过这个展览会。

    9. As the name suggests, the band has a lot of energy. 正如乐队名字所黑示的那样, 这支乐队很有活力。

    10. Some people say they are boring, but others say they are great. 有些人说他们很枯燥,但也有人说,他们是远大的。

    11. I f I were you, I’d eat nuts instead. 倘若吾是你,吾会改吃坚果。

    【考点详解】

    1. prefer v. 更喜欢,情愿

    prefer sth. 更喜欢某事 I prefer English. 吾更喜欢英语。

    prefer to do. 情愿做某事 I prefer to sit. 吾情愿坐着。

    prefer sth to sth. 同…...相比更喜欢…... I prefer dogs to cats. 与猫相比吾更喜欢狗。

    prefer doing to doing. 情愿做某事而不愿做某事 I prefer walking to sitting. 吾情愿走路也不愿坐着。

    2. along with 陪同… , 同… 一道

    I will go along with you. 吾同你一道往。

    3. dance to sth. 随着…...跳舞(用的介词是to,这一点要着重)

    She likes dancing to the music. 她喜欢随着音乐而跳舞。

    4. music n. 音乐

    musician n. 音乐家

    5. unfortunately adv.厄运运地

    fortunately adv.幸运地(倘若你把这个词记住了,那考试的时候你就是幸运的~)

    6. fun n. 兴趣 funny adj. 兴趣的,诙谐的

    7. be sure to do 必定做某事,肯定做某事

    It is sure to snow. 肯定要下雪

    8. known adj. 有名的,知名的(记住意思)

    9. on display 展览(常见短语)

    10. energy n.活力 energetic adj.有活力的

    11. most of… ……的大无数

    12. keep healthy 保持健康

    13. get together 聚在一首

    14. discuss v.商议 discussion n.商议

    15. be bad for sth. 对…有坏处

    16. take care of = look after 照顾

    She often takes care of/looks after her son.

    17. stay away from 远隔……

    Stay away from me. I have a cold. 请远隔吾,吾得了感冒

    18. to be honest 忠实说

    To be honest I really like flowers. 忠实说吾真的很喜欢花。

    19. dislike 不喜欢 逆义词:like 喜欢

    20. fisherman 渔夫 它的复数式样是fishermen

    21. photography n. 摄影;photograph n. 照片 相片;photographer n. 摄影师

    22. be in agreement 偏见相反,常与介词on/about连

    They are in agreement on that question. 他们对谁人题目偏见相反。

    23. even if 甚至

    24. mainly adv. 主要地 主要地

    Unit10 You're supposed to shake hands.

    【重点短语】

    1. be supposed to do 被憧憬/答该做......

    2. shake hands 握手

    3. for the first time 第一次

    4. table manners 餐桌礼仪

    5. drop by 未必探看,趁便探看

    6. after all 毕竟,终究

    7. be on time 按期

    8.(in) the wrong way 以舛讹的手段

    9. be relaxed about 对……比较肆意/放松

    10. a bit 一点

    【重点句型】

    1. He should have told me about it. 他本答该把这件事通知吾。

    2. Where I’m from, we’re pretty relaxed about time. 吾所在的地方,对时间是相等宽松的。

    3. We often just drop by our friends’homes. 吾们往往往好友家探看。

    4. Often we just walk around the town center, seeing as many of our friends as we can. 吾们频繁走遍市中心,看尽能够多的好友。

    5. We usually make plans to see friends. 清淡吾们都是做好往看好友的计划。

    6. We’re the land of watches, after all. 毕竟,吾们是外之乡。

    7. It’s even better than I thought it would be. 事情比吾想象的要好得多。

    8. They go out of their way to make me feel at home. 他们花尽心血让吾感觉不到奴役。

    9. Although I still make lots of mistakes, it doesn’t bother me like it used to. 尽管吾频繁出一些错,但它不像以前那样打扰吾。

    10. I thought that was pretty strange at first, but now I’m used to it. 最先,吾想那是太清新了,但是现在吾已经民风了。

    11. I have to say I find it difficult to remember everything, but I’m gradually getting used to things, and don’t find them so strange any more. 不得不承认,吾发现记住总共东西是很难得的,但吾徐徐民风了,并且发现他们也不再那么清新了。

    【考点详解】

    1. be supposed to do 答该(着重它的翻译,另外supposed后面用的是不定式to do)

    We are supposed to stop smoking. 吾们答该停留吸烟。

    3. You should have asked what you were supposed to wear. 你本答该问清新怎么样穿才体面。

    上句中的“should have asked”是“情态动词 现在完善时”外示以前本答该做某事,实情上异国做(这点要清新)

    She should have gone to Beijing. 她本答该往了北京。(异国往)

    4. be relaxed about sth. 对某事肆意、不厉格

    They are relaxed about the time. 他们对时间很肆意。

    5. pretty adv. 相等,很 adj. 时兴的

    She is pretty friendly. 她相等友谊。

    She is a pretty girl. 她是一个时兴的女孩。

    6. plan to do. 打算做某事(常见用法)

    She has planed to go to Beijing.

    7. drop by 访问,探看,探看,串门

    We just dropped by our friends' homes.吾们刚刚往好友家串门。

    8. on time 按期(in time的意思是及时,这两个短语频繁出现在辨析题中)

    9. after all 毕竟 终究(五星级重点词汇,记住它的意思)

    You see I was right after all. 你看,毕竟照样吾对了。

    10. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事(主要内容,着重后面用的是不定式to do)

    Lily invited me to have dinner. 莉莉请吾吃晚饭。

    11. without 异国(这个词频繁考,题现在会单纯考它的意思,因此行家答该记住它的意思)

    12. around the world = all over the world 全世界

    13. pick up 捡首,挑选(捡首的意思考的较多)

    He picked up his hat. 他捡首他的帽子。

    14. start doing = start to do 最先做某事(start的用法属于常考内容,记住它的这两个用法)

    He started reading= He started to read. 他最先浏览。

    15. point at 指向(指近处的事物)

    point to 指向(指遥远的事物)

    16. stick v. 剌,截 n. 棒,棍

    17. go out of one's way to do 特意/特意做某事

    He went out of his way to make me happy. 他特意使吾起劲。

    18. make mistakes 犯舛讹(复数)

    make a mistake 犯舛讹(一个)

    19. be different from 与……分别

    Chinese food is different from theirs. 中国菜与他们的分别。

    20. get/be used to sth. 民风于……(这些用法行家务必记住,固然这些用法很多,而且比较容易搞杂沓,但是它们实在频繁考,行家能够结相符例子记忆)

    get/be used to doing 民风于……

    be used to do 被用来做……

    be used for doing 被用来做...…

    used to do 以前往往做…...

    I wash clothes everyday. I'm used to it. 吾每天都洗衣服。吾民风了。

    I am used to washing clothes. 吾民风于洗衣服了。

    The knives are used to cut things. 幼刀被用来切东西。

    The knives are used for cutting things. 幼刀被用来切东西。

    She used to watch TV after school. 她以前放学后往往看电视。

    21. I find it difficult to remember everything. 吾发现要记住每相通事是难得的。

    find/think it 形容词 to do sth.

    22. cut up 切开,切碎

    Let's cut up the watermelon. 让吾们切开这个西瓜吧。

    23. make a toast 敬酒

    24. crowd v.挤满 其形容词和以前式及以前分词都是:crowded(crowded考的相对多些)

    25. set n. 一套 v. 竖立

    26. can't stop doing 忍不住做某 I can't stop laughing. 吾忍不住乐

    27. make faces 做鬼脸

    28. face to face 面迎面地

    29. learn…by oneself 自学......(主要用法)

    I learn English by my self. 吾自学英语。

    Unit11 Sad movies make me cry.

    【重点短语】

    1. make me sleepy 使吾困倦

    2. drive sb. crazy 使……发疯

    3. the more…, the more 越……越……

    4. yes and no 好坏参半

    5. be friends with sb. 是某人的好友

    6. feel left out 感觉被无视

    7. sleep badly 就寝很差

    8. don’t feel like eating 不想吃东西

    9. for no reason 毫无理由

    10. neither…nor… 既不……也不……

    11. let…down 使…死心

    12. take one’s position 替代吾的职位

    13. to start with 首初

    14. get the exam result back 取考试收获单

    15. find out 发现

    16. a shirt of a happy person 一件喜悦人的衬衫

    【重点句型】

    1. —I’d rather go to Blue Ocean because I like to listen to quiet music while I’m eating. 更情愿到蓝海洋餐厅,由于吾喜欢在吃饭时听轻音乐。

    —But that music make me sleepy. 但那栽音乐使吾困倦。

    2. Waiting for Amy drove Tina crazy. 等候艾米使蒂娜发狂。

    3. The movie was so sad that it made Tina and Amy cry. 这部电影是如此哀伤以致使蒂娜和艾米都哭了。

    4. Sad movies don’t make John cry. They just make him want to leave quickly. 哀伤的电影异国让约翰哭他们只能使他想尽快脱离。

    5. Loud music makes me nervous. 嘈杂的音乐使吾主要。

    6. Soft and quiet music makes me relax. 软软的音乐使吾放松。

    7. Money and fame don’t always make people happy. 金钱和信用并不总能使人愉快。

    8. She said that the sad movie made her cry. 她说哀伤的电影使她饮泣。

    【考点详解】

    1. But that music makes me sleepy. 但是那栽音乐使吾困倦。

    动词make的使役用法,make sb后别离接了形容词和不定式短语。make的这栽用法常见于以下组织:

    make 名词(代词) 省略to的动词不定式

    My parents often make me do some other homework. 吾父母常让吾做些其他的作业。

    这一组织中的不定式短语在主动组织中是宾语补足语,必须省往to,变为被动组织时,不定式短语作主语补足语,这时必须带to。

    如:She was made to work for the night shift. 她不得不上夜班。

    ② make 名词/代词 -ed分词短语。

    如:What made them so frightened? 什么使他们如许勇敢?

    ③ make 名词/代词 介词短语或名词短语。

    如:She made him her assistant. 她委派他做本身的助手。

    ④ make 名词(代词) 形容词或形容词短语。

    如:—The good news made us happy. 这条好消息使吾们很起劲。

    —Yes,I suppose so. 吾想他会回来。

    ⑤ make 式样宾语it 形容词或名词(作宾语补足语) 从句(作真实的宾语)

    如:They want to make it clear to the public that they do an important and necessary job.

    他们要向公多外明, 他们所做的做事不光主要, 而且是必弗成少的。

    2. wealth n. 财富

    ① 外示“财富”“金钱”,是弗成数名词。如:

    They had little desire for wealth. 他们对财富无大欲看。

    ② 外示“大量”“多多”“雄厚”等,可连用不定冠词,尤其用于a wealth of组织(其后可接可数名词或弗成数名词)。如:

    He sent me a book with a wealth of illustrations. 他送给吾一本有大量插图的书。

    Hidden underground is a wealth of gold, silver, copper, lead and zinc.

    地下埋藏了大量的金、银、铜、铅和锌。

    3. He slept badly and didn’t feel like eating.他就寝很差并且不想吃东西。

    feel like的用法:

    ① 外示“感觉像(是)……”

    My legs feel like cotton wool. 吾感觉两条腿像棉花相通。

    ② 外示“想要做……”,后接动名词doing式样。

    I don’t feel like cooking. Let’s eat out. 吾不想做饭,吾们出往吃吧。

    Unit12 Life is full of the unexpected.

    【重点短语】

    1. take a shower 淋浴

    2. leave my backpack at home 把背包忘在家里

    3. get back to school 返回私塾

    4. start teaching 最先教学

    5. go off 响铃

    6. rush out the door 冲出房门

    7. give sb a lift 捎某人一程

    8. miss both events 错过两个事件

    9. be about to do sth 正要做某事

    10. stare in disbelief at 难以置信地盯着

    11. raise above the burning building 从正在燃烧的楼上升首

    12. jump out of bed 跳下床

    13. collect the math homework 收数学作业

    14. show up 赶到,展现

    【重点句型】

    1. By the time I got up, my brother had already gotten in the shower. 当吾首床时,吾哥哥已经进了浴室了。

    2. By the time I got outside, the bus had already gone. 当吾出来时,公汽已经走了。

    3. When I got to school, I realized I had left my backpack at home. 当吾到达私塾时,吾才认识到吾把背包忘在家里了。

    4. By the time I walked into class, the teacher had started teaching already. 当吾走进教室时,先生已经最先讲课了。

    5. By the time I arrived at the party, everyone else had already showed up. 当吾到达晚会时, 其他的每幼我都已经到了。

    6. When he put the noodles into the bowl, he realized he had forgotten to add the green beans. 当他把面条放进碗里时,他认识到他忘了增补绿豆荚了。

    7. Before she got a chance to say goodbye, he had gone into the building. 在她得到一个向他告别的机会之前,他已经进入楼房了。

    【考点详解】

    1. By the time I got outside, the bus had already left. 当吾出来的时候,公共汽车已经走了。

    by the time作连词引导时间状语从句,当从句用清淡曩以前,主句用以前完善时;当从句用清淡现在时,主句用清淡异日时或异日完善时。

    如:By the time he was ten, Tom had built a chemistry lab himself. 等到了十岁的时候,汤姆本身建了一个化学实验室。

    I’ll be in bed by the time you get home. 你到家时,吾已经上床睡觉了。

    2. When she got to school, she realized she had left her backpack at home. 当她到私塾时,她认识到她把背包忘在家里了。

    外示“把某物忘在某处”要用词组leave sth in/on/at...

    如: I've left my umbrella at home. 吾把伞忘在家里了。

    I left my book on the desk. 吾把书忘在桌子上。

    forget意为“遗忘某物”,指遗忘一件详细的东西,但不及有详细的地点。

    如:I forgot my umbrella yesterday. 吾昨天忘了带伞。

    Don't forget the cases. 别忘了带箱子。

    3. Last Friday night, my friend invited me to his birthday party.

    上周五夜晚,吾好友邀请吾参添他的生日晚会。

    invite sb. to a place(或一活动、聚会) 意为“邀请某人到某一地方或参添某一活动”;而invite sb to do sth. 意为“邀请某人做某事”。

    如: I think we have many friends now, and we must invite them to our place. 吾想吾们现在有很多好友了, 吾们也答该邀请他们到吾们家做客。

    Kitty’s teacher Mr Wu invited me to join their school trip to the World Park. 基蒂的先生吴先生邀请吾参添了死界公园的私塾郊游活动。

    4. Wells made it sound so real that hundreds of people believed the story and fear spread across the whole country.

    威尔斯讲述这个讯息首来如此的实在,以致成百上千的人都自夸了这个故事,进而引发了全国性的恐慌。

    so…that...在此引导效果状语从句,so后面答添一个形容词或副词,意为“如此……以至于……”。

    如:This book is so interesting that everyone in our class wants to read it. 这本书是如此的兴趣以至于全班同学都想看看。(so+形容词)

    He ran so fast that I couldn't catch up with him. 他跑得那么快,以至于吾跟不上他。(so+副词)

    【重点语法】

    比较清淡曩以前和现在完善时的异同

    1. 共同点:行为都是在以前完善。

    I saw the film yesterday evening.

    I have seen the film before.

    (看电影这件事都是在以前完善的。)

    2. 区别:

    ①现在完善时强调以前发生的动刁难现在的影响和效果,而清淡曩以前与现在异国相关,只是表明某个行为发生的时间是在以前。

    ②清淡曩以前清淡与详细清晰的曩以前间状语连用。如yesterday, last week , two years ago,just now,in 2002 等;而现在完善时则常与 just ,already ,ever ,never 等暧昧的曩以前间状语和 these days ,this week ,since..., for... 等外示一段时间的状语连用。

    Unit13 We're trying to save the earth!

    【重点短语】

    1. at the bottom of the river 在河床底部

    2. be full of the rubbish 足够了垃圾

    3. throw litter into the river 把垃圾扔入河中

    4. play a part in cleaning it up 尽一份力把它清算清洁

    5. land pollution 土地污浊

    6. fill the air with black smoke 使空气中足够了黑烟

    7. cut down air pollution 缩短空气污浊

    8. make a difference 产生影响

    17. take action 采取走动

    18. turn off 关失踪

    19. pay for 付费

    20. add up 累添

    21. use public transportation 行使公共交通

    22. recycle books and paper 回收书和废纸

    23. use paper napkins 行使纸巾

    24. turn off the shower 关失踪喷头

    25. ride in cars 开车出走

    【重点句型】

    1. Even the bottom of the river was full of rubbish. 甚至河底都足够垃圾。

    2. Everyone in town should play a part in cleaning it up. 城里的每幼我都答当尽一份力把它清算清洁。

    3. The air is badly polluted because there are too many cars on the road these days. 空气被厉重污浊由于现在路上的汽车太多了。

    4. To cut down air pollution, we should take the bus or subway instead of driving. 为了缩短空气污浊,吾们答当乘坐公汽或地铁而不是开车。

    5. I used to be able to see stars in the sky. 吾以前能在天空中看到星星。

    6. The air has become really polluted around here. I’m getting very worried. 这边的空气真的已经被污浊了,吾特意担心。

    7. No scientific studies have shown that shark fins are good for health. 异国科学钻研表明鱼鳍对人们的健康有益处。

    【考点详解】

    1. pay的基本用法

    (1) pay (sb.) money for sth. 付钱(给某人)买……

    例:I have to pay them 20 pounds for this room each month. 吾每个月要付20英磅的房租。

    (2)pay for sth. 付……的钱。

    例:I have to pay for the book lost. 吾不得不赔丢失的书款。

    (3)pay for sb. 替某人付钱。

    例:Don't worry! I'll pay for you. 别担心,吾会给你付钱的。

    (4)pay sb. 付钱给某人。

    例: They pay us every month. 他们每月给吾们报酬。

    (5)pay money back 还钱。

    例:May I borrow 12 yuan from you? I'll pay it back next week. 你能借给吾12块钱吗?下周还你。

    (6)pay off one's money 还清钱。

    2. This method is not only cruel, but also harmful to the environment. 这栽手段不光残酷,而且对环境有害。

    (1)not only…but also…意为“不光……而且……”用于连接两个外示并列相关的成分,偏重强调后者,其中的also未必能够省略。

    如:She not only plays well, but also writes music. 她不光很会演奏,而且还会作弯。

    He not only writes his own plays, he also acts in them. 他不光是自编剧本, 还饰演其中的角色。

    He works not only on weekdays but on Sundays as well. 他不光往往做事,星期日也做事。

    (2)若连接两个成分作主语,其谓语清淡与挨近的主语保持相反。

    如:Not only you but also he has to leave. 不光是你,他也得脱离。

    (3)若连接两个句子,not only后面的句子要用倒装。

    如:Not only did he speak more correctly, but he spoke more easily. 他不光说得更精确,而且讲得更不费劲了。

    【重点语法】

    动词不定式做主意状语时的用法

    To cut down air pollution, we should take the bus or subway instead of driving. 为了缩短空气污浊,吾们答当乘坐公汽或地铁而不是开车。

    本句中To cut down air pollution是动词不定式作主意状语。

    1. 不定式和不定式短语作主意状语

    不定式和不定式短语作主意状语,主要用来修饰动词,外示某一行为或状态的主意。为了使主意意义更添清新或外示强调意义时,还能够在前线添 in order to 或 so as to。

    例如:I've written it down in order not to forget.

    He shouted and waved so as to be noticed.

    在句子中作谓语动词的状语的不定式或不定式短语,外示的是主语的主意,因此,其逻辑主语清淡是句子的主语。比较:

    To draw maps properly, you need a special pen.(正)

    To draw maps properly, a special pen is needed.(误)

    由 in order to 引导的主意状语,既能够置于句尾,也能够置于句首,而由 so as to 引导的主意状语,只能置于句尾,而不及置于句首。比较:

    They started early in order to get there in time.(正)

    In order to get there in time, they started early.(正)

    They started early so as to get there in time.(正)

    So as to get there in time, they started early.(误)

    2. 不定式的复相符组织作主意状语

    当不定式或不定式短语有本身的实走者时,要用不定式的复相符组织(即在不定式或不定式短语之前添 for 名词或宾格代词)作状语。例如:

    He opened the door for the children to come in.

    She fetched several bottles which she placed on the counter for Harry to inspect.

    3. 主意状语从句与不定式的转换

    英语中的主意状语从句,还能够变为不定式或不定式短语作状语,从而使句子在组织上得以简化。可分为两栽情况:

    (1)当主意状语从句中的主语与主句中的主语相通时,能够直接简化为不定式或不定式短语作状语。例如:

    We'll start early in order that/so that we may arrive in time.

    We'll start early in order to/so as to arrive in time.

    (2)当主意状语从句中的主语与主句中的主语不相通时,要用动词不定式的复相符组织作状语。例如:

    I came early in order that you might read my report before the meeting.

    I came early (in order) for you to read my report before the meeting.

    Unit14 I remember meeting all of you in Grade 7.

    【重点短语】

    1. win a prize 获奖

    2. do a school survey 做一个私塾调查

    3. meet the standard of a strict teacher 已足一位请求厉格的先生的请求

    4. meet this group of friends 遇到这群好友

    5. score two goals in a row 不息踢进两个球

    6. learn to play the keyboard 学会弹钢琴

    7. be patient with sb 对……有耐性

    8. work out the answer yourself 本身找出答案

    9. guide sb to do sth 请示某人做某事

    10. put in more effort 更添竭力

    11. look back at 回首

    12. pride of overcoming fear 克服恐惧感的自夸

    13. make a great big mess 弄得一团糟

    14. keep my cool 保持吾的狷介

    15. try to be on time for morning reading 尽力赶上早读

    16. look forward to doing sth 憧憬做某事

    17. join the school swim team 添入私塾游泳队

    18. get a business degree 取得一个商业学位

    【重点句型】

    1. ---What happened in Grade7 that was special? 在七年级时发什么了什么稀奇的事?

    ---Our team won the school basketball competition. 吾们队赢了私塾的蓝球比赛。

    3. ---How have you changed since you started junior high school? 你上中学后有什么转折?

    ---I've become much better at speaking English. 吾在说英语上比以前更好。

    3. How do you think things will be different in senior high school? 你认为在高中会有什么分别?

    ---I think that I'll have to study much harder for exams. 吾想吾将更添为考试竭力学习。

    4. ---What are your plans for next year? 你明年的计划是什么?

    ---I'm going to join the school volleyball team. 吾将添入私塾排球队。

    5. ---What do you remember about Grade 8. 关于八年级你记得什么?

    ---I remember being a volunteer. 吾记正当别名自愿者。

    6. ---What do you use to do that you don't do now? 你以前做而现在不做的事是什么?

    ---I used to take dance lessons, but I don't anymore. 吾以前上舞蹈课,但现在不上了。

    7. ---What are you looking forward to? 你憧憬做什么?

    ---I'm looking forward to going to senior high school. 吾憧憬上高中。

    【考点详解】

    1. She helped you to work out the answers yourself no matter how difficult they were. 她协助你本身算出答案,不论它们有多难。

    no matter常与疑问代词或疑问副词一首构成连词词组引导让步状语从句,意为“不管……,不论……”,在行使时答着重以下几点:

    (1)着重从句的时态

    由no matter what/who/where/when引导的从句往往用清淡现在时或清淡曩以前。如:No matter who you are, you must obey the rules. 不论你是谁,都答该按照规则。

    (2)着重被修饰的名词、形容词以及副词的位置

    no matter what/whose/which修饰名词时,该名词必须紧跟其后;no matter how修饰形容词或副词时,该形容词或副词也必须紧跟其后。

    如:No matter how hard he works, he find it difficult to make ends meet. 不论他多么竭力做事,却总是左支右绌。

    (3)着重“no matter 疑问词”组织与“疑问词 ever”在用法上的区别:

    ①“no matter 疑问词”组织只能引导让步状语从句,这时能够和“疑问词 ever”互换。

    如:No matter where he may be (=Wherever he may be), he will be happy. 他不论在什么地方都喜悦。

    ② 而“疑问词 ever”还能够引导名词性从句。

    如:Give this book to whoever likes it. 谁喜欢这本书就给谁吧。(这边不及用no matter who)

    ③ whoever既可引导名词性从句,又有在从句中作主语、宾语、外语等;whomever也可引导名词性从句,但只能在从句中作宾语。

    如:You may invite whomever you like.

    2. caring adj. 体谅人的

    如:I will miss the school trees and flowers and our kind and caring teachers. 吾会怀念私塾的树木花草以及吾们驯良,体谅的先生。

    3. 用于 go ahead, 着重以下用法:

    (1)外示批准或批准,意为“说吧”、“做吧”

    A:May I start? 吾能够最先了吗?

    B:Yes, go ahead. 好,最先吧。

    (2)外示不息做某事,意为“不息…吧”

    Go ahead. We are all listening. 不息讲吧,吾们都在听呢!

    4. As you set out on your new journey, you shouldn't forget where you came from. 当你起程踏上你的新的旅程时,不要忘了你来自那里。

    set out 意为“起程;最先;陈述”。

    例句:The professor sets out his ideas clearly in his article. 在这篇文章中教授清新地外明了本身的思想。

    set的用法:

    (1)set about sth./doing sth. 着手做某事

    如: We set about our task at once with great enthusiasm. 吾们以极大的亲炎立即着手这项义务。

    (2)set aside 放在一面,搁置;存蓄,留下

    如: My parents set aside a bit of money every month. 吾的父母每个月都存点钱。

    (3)set off 起程,起程; 燃放(鞭炮等),使……爆炸或发出响声

    如: After we had finished eating, he proposed to set off immediately. 吾们吃完饭后,他提出立即起程。

    (4)set out 起程,起程; set out to do sth. 打算或着手做某事。

    如: They set out as the sun was rising. 太阳升首时,他们就起程了。

    (5)set up 竖首来,支首来;竖立,成立。

    如: The school has set up a special class to help slow students.

    私塾成立了一个稀奇的班级,协助那些后进生。

    由国家新闻出版署主管,中国音像与数字出版协会、海南省新闻出版局、海南省工业和信息化厅主办,中国音数协游戏工委与海南生态软件园承办的2019年度中国游戏产业年会大会12月19日(今日)在海口召开。

    连日来,受持续强降雨影响,婺源多地水位超警。7月9日凌晨,婺源三都水文站最高水位达62.74米,超警戒水位4.74米。

    原标题:北郊第①家眷茶来了!连续3天!每天送茶300杯!

    原标题:英语儿歌-经典英文儿歌系列1-06来加入这游戏

    10月31日下午17时左右,湖北大冶市市长周军,大冶市市委副书记、政法委书记江龙平,大冶市副市长汪昭焱及其他大冶市市委领导一行莅临南京猫玩互娱总部视察工作,猫玩互娱CEO余洋接待并全程陪同,并就猫玩互娱近期的工作开展和业务规划向周军进行了详细汇报。

    原标题:小身躯大脾气,勇敢才是动物界生存唯一要素

      近日,朱迪·穆雷在《星期日邮报》的专栏中回忆起她的儿子安迪·穆雷在2013年夺得温布尔登网球公开赛单打冠军的情景。朱迪在专栏中说:“人们经常会问安迪在2013年赢得第一个温布尔登冠军后,在他的感谢名单里“忘记”感谢我的那一刻。事实是,他就是找不到我!球员的包厢是混合的,因此每个球员都有18个座位供他们的随行人员坐在一起。这已经是一个压力很大的情况,但坐在另一个球员的家人和队友旁边会让情况变得更糟。”

    标签:赛事前瞻

    周三(7月8日)由于对疫情担忧、国际紧张局势以及美元疲软,黄金扩大涨幅,金价自2011年以来首次突破每盎司1800美元,现货黄金盘中一度涨1.3%,刷新2011年9月以来高点至1818.02美元/盎司。

    分析师预计金价将进一步上涨,因为投资者寄望在新冠病毒撼动全球经济之际,黄金能够保值。现货黄金在过去14个月大涨40%,距离2011年创下的每盎司1921.28美元的纪录高位不远。独立分析师Ross Norman表示,黄金处于牛市,到今年年底,金价将挑战2000美元的水平。

    《漂亮书生》是鞠婧祎和宋威龙首次搭档,两人在剧中cp感十足,十分般配,剧中,鞠婧祎饰演的雪文曦女扮男装,以文彬的名字与宋威龙饰演的风承骏相识,由此引发了一系列故事。  

    周三(7月22日),黄金和白银市场正在飙升,价格分别创下九年和六年新高,一位市场分析师认为,白银在今年剩余时间内有超过黄金的空间。

    如今迪丽热巴的事业发展得可是越来越好了,看到她一直都忙于工作,似乎并没有休息过。想必在近些年来,大家也都看到过不少迪丽热巴拍摄的影视作品,这新作品一部紧接着一部的,真是让人有些应接不暇。前段时间迪丽热巴和黄景瑜主演的《幸福触手可及》可是播得十分的火热,同时也引起了不少观众关注。其实在《幸福触手可及》播出之前,迪丽热巴就已经又在拍摄新剧了,这部作品叫《长歌行》。

    中国网地产讯 7月15日,南京9宗涉宅地块集中出让,总建筑面积100.3万平,总起始价129.5亿元。最终南京新城万嘉房地产有限公司(新城)以总价22.2亿元竞得两宗。

    目前已有多家机顶盒、电视接入了地震预警服务,比如大家熟知的四川广电、移动、TCL、小米等。

    7月24日,小鹏汽车携超长续航智能轿跑 P7、超长续航智能SUV G3i亮相成都车展。小鹏汽车在本届车展带来了自上市后首次登陆全国高级别车展的小鹏P7以及首次在公众面前亮相的小鹏G3i系列车型。

      原标题:特朗普政府试图阻止新法案向CDC拨付疫情应对资金

    作者:admin  发布时间:2020-07-27  点击数:

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